American and European Art glass - Victorian and Art Nouveau to Contemporary
P - Z
Pairpoint Manufacturing Co. - New Bedford, MA - c. 1880 - Present
The Pairpoint Manufacturing Company was established in 1880 in New Bedford, Massachusetts. The factory began as a metalwork's. Near the Pairpoint factory was the Mt. Washington Glassworks which made fine glassware, the two companies merged in 1894 and became known as the Pairpoint Corporation. From the late 1890s until the 1930s, lamps and lamp accessories were an important part of Pairpoint's production.
This is a real mystery mark, a gold gilded medieval
dragon touting a banner with the words 'Perthuis Paris' on it.
See the Daum Nancy perfume flacon below. I have the identical
perfume flacon bearing this Perthuis Paris mark. Identical pieces
with two different marks leads me to believe these may have been done
for a Paris Salon. If anyone has any info on the Perthuis
Paris mark, please drop me a note at bsevern@Glasscollector.net.
Peynaud - Bordeaux, France - c. 1910 - 1945
Glassworks produced enameled glass works, often resembling Legras cameo glass.
The Phoenix Glass Company was founded in 1880 in Phillipsburg, PA. Initially they made leaded glass chimneys and shades for lamps, and formed alliances with a number of glassworks and individuals who could bring glass-making skills to Phoenix. During the 1880's and 1890's, under the direction of Joseph Webb, they produced a large quantity of cut glass, etched glass, hand decorated glass, and Victorian colored art glass, such as mother-of-pearl satin glass which they patented in 1885.
This continued until 1894, when Phoenix decided to focus exclusively on lighting products. (Webb left the company at the same time, and went on to work for several other glass making companies until his death in 1905.)
Amazingly the Phoenix Glass Company continued in business until 1970, making glassware for the lighting industry. It was taken over by Anchor Hocking, who made for special occasions very limited productions of some of the old Phoenix sculpted glass.
For more information on Phoenix Art Glass, I highly recommend Leland
Marple's book "Phoenix Art Glass" published by Schiffer Publishing.
This 'Patent' mark tends to be found on their highest
quality MOP glass, done when Webb was designing their colored glass.
Phoenix Glass Paper label from a lamp shade
Pittsburgh Lamp, Brass and Glass Company was founded by renowned chemist, Nicolas Kopp in 1901. He used his knowledge to make beautiful lamps and tableware in many colors, as well as fine etched crystal. Kopp had developed Selenium Red earlier that met the railroad’s signaling light standards, and it was very profitable as the railroad industry flourished.
In 1903 the Pittsburgh Lamp, Brass and Glass Company (commonly called “Pilabrasgo”) absorbed Dithridge & Company.
The prosperity didn't last forever, and in 1926 Pilabrasgo went
These examples are from their Art
Nouveau Enameled Glass c. 1900
Founded by Martin Bach Sr. and Thomas Johnson, both ex-Tiffany workers.
It's highly possible this mark was also used for porcelain.
Rene Lalique - See Lalique
Rosenthal - Amberg, Germany - c. 1954 - Present
Although founded in 1879 by Philipp Rosenthal as a porcelain decorator and manufacturer, it's not until 1954 they change direction and start producing high end glass products.
Sabino - Paris, France - 1919 - Present
Marius Ernest Sabino. Best known for their opalescent glass, but they also produced limited quantities of clear, colored, frosted, stained, and enameled glass. The entire operation (including molds) was sold to a firm in Texas in 1978, although the manufacturing today continues in France.
Sèvres Signature on enameled glass
Smith Brothers, founded by Harry and Alfred Smith was originally a decorating shop decorating high quality glass blanks from many local glass makers, including Sandwich Glass and Mt Washington Glass Works. For a brief period they worked for Mt Washington, but left in 1871 to pursue their own business. They decorated local and imported opal glass blanks with decorative motifs including flowers, birds, landscapes, and orientalia.
Smith Bros Original Paper Label
Smith Brothers Trademark Rampant Lion in Shield mark
Aurene was registered in 1904, and ceased production in 1932. As
amazing as Carders glass is, the Aurene signatures are not, as
they were apparently signed with a rather crude engraving tool.
Not all Aurene glass is marked, and marked pieces can be marked in a
variety of ways, such as 'Aurene', 'Steuben Aurene', 'Steuben Aurene
with a catalog #' or any combination.
Steuben acid banner mark was both acid etched and also applied to shade
fitters with a silver material that was easily wiped off.
Steuben Paper Label, Carder era glass
Post Carder era Steuben Crystal signature
Stevens & Williams - Brierley Hill / Stourbridge, England - c. 1847 - 1933
Started by Joseph Silvers, whose daughters married William Stevens & Samuel Cox Williams, at which time the name was changed to Stevens & Williams. Stevens & Williams was an innovative and ingenious glass factory that drew some of the most talented glass designers such as - Frederick Carder (1880-1903), John Northwood (1882), John Northwood II, William Northwood, Joshua Hodgetts, etc. Many of the designers from Stevens & Williams went on to found their own prominent glass works elsewhere.
Stevens & Williams signature on cameo glass, also seen on fine mother-of-pearl air trap wares
Stevens & Williams Jewel Glass Registered Design number etched on the base of the glass
Initially Tiffany sourced glass produced by outside firms, but this did not give him control and subsequently lacked the quality that Tiffany demanded. As his fascination with glass grew, he experimented with lustering techniques, largely inspired by the natural iridescence of ancient Roman glass that he saw in his previous travels to Europe. He patented his first glass-lustering technique in 1881. Favrile glass, the trademark for Tiffany handmade glass, resulted from these experiments, and with the exception his lamps, it's his blown glass that he's best known for.
Tiffany set up his own glassworks at Corona, Long Island and put a brilliant Englishman, Arthur J. Nash, in charge. His previous companies had all been concerned with interior decoration; this one, Tiffany Furnaces, concentrated on decorative blown glassware. Tiffany Glass was highly successful initially, but Tiffany refused to change with the times, and as Art Nouveau glass grew out of favor, he funded the continuing operations of his glass works with his own funds. In 1928 Arthur Nash purchased and continued to operate the glass works producing Tiffany style glass until 1931.
Fake Tiffany Signature on modern glass (note signature is signed the wrong direction and unfinished pontil)
Fake Tiffany Signature on modern Lundberg
Studio glass (note the pontil in the middle is very typical for Lundberg
Studios, also signature is going the wrong direction)
Tiffany Studios New York Bronze Mark
Although WMF produced glass for more then 100 years, their height of glass production was between 1926 to 1936. A young glass designer, Karl Wiedmann, perfected the technique of iridescent glass resulting with "Myra" crystal, which started production in 1926. Also in 1926 they started making their famous "Ikora" glass. Both types of art glass were produced until 1936, when they ceased producing art glass.
WMF Glass paper label
Walsh (John Walsh Walsh) - Birmingham, England - c. 1850 - 1951
Mainly noted for their production of cut
and engraved clear crystal. They also were highly innovative
during the Victorian era producing many fine Victorian colored glass
designs, such as Mother-of-pearl air trap glass (called Sateen Glass by
JWW), opalescent patterned glass, colored cased and plated glass.
Mark from Walsh cut glass
The founder of Thomas Webb & Sons entered the glass
industry in 1829 and became a partner in the Wordsley glassworks of Webb
and Richardsons. In 1833, his father, John Webb, also entered the glass
industry in partnership with John Shepherd at the neighboring White
House glassworks, but in 1835 John Webb died and Thomas succeeded to his
fathers share in the Shepherd and Webb business. In 1840 Thomas Webb
moved to the Platts, Amblecote, very near to the Dennis estate and
started “Thomas Webb’s glassworks”.
Webb Victorian Cameo Glass
Later Webb Cameo c. 1920's
Webb Burmese (shaded with lead to show mark)
Webb Iris Glass
Company established in 1897 by Thomas
and Herbert Webb, sons of
Thomas Wilkes Webb, and George Harry Corbett, at the White House Glass
in Wordsley, known as Thomas Webb and Corbett Ltd.
A note about the Glass Signature Pages: While every effort is made to maintain accurate information, there are bound to be errors from either conflicting, or scarce information. If you have a verifiable correction, please contact me with the update and reference where the correction was sourced from for verification.
As this is a living document, please feel free to contact me if you have a glass mark/signature that's not shown that you would like to contribute to the Glass Signature pages for future updates.
Thank you - Brian