American and European Art glass - Victorian and Art Nouveau to Contemporary
Ahne, Josef and Theodor - Bohemia - c. 1860-1900
Decorated glass and china, typically with classical period examples.
André DeLatte - Nancy, France - c. 1921 - ?
of the famous School of Nancy, founded his glassworks at Nancy
in 1921. He distinguished himself during this period with the
of glass that featured vibrant colors.
Arsall - St Louis, France - c. 1900 - 1914
Baccarat - Baccarat, France - c. 1764 - Present
Early Baccarat paper label found on c. 1890's cameo glass (although this label was used from 1860 on)
Made cameo glass and enameled work under Desire Christian (who
subsequently produced cameo glass under contract for Galle`).
Orignal Carl Goldberg paper label
Goldberg vase with paper label
Found on French enameled perfume sets, no further info available
Charder - France - c. 1926 - 1933
Charles Schneider's Art Deco cameo glass, typically also signed "Le Verre Francais"
Samuel Clarke was initially a candle maker, but went on to make his famous Patented Fairy Lamps. Although he designed them, the artistic glass and porcelain holders were contracted by such famous companies as Stevens & Williams, Thomas Webb & Sons, Royal Worcester, and Royal Dounton just to name a few. These are highly prized by Fairy Lamp, glass and porcelain collectors world wide today.
Mark on Art Nouveau enameled shades
Mark on Art Nouveau cameo glass rose bowl
Founded on the site of a glassworks in existance since 1586, and
originally given the name Verrerie Royale de St Louis by decree of Louis
XV. Aimé-Gabriel d'Artigues (1791-1795), Maurice Dufrène, Marcel Goupy
(1920's). Jean Sala (1938-1950). Some articles signed "St-Louis-Münzthal",
"d'Argental", and possibly "Arsale", or "Arsall" (though this may have
been produced by by a different, German firm).
Started by Jean Daum (1825-1885) as a co-financer in 1875, the glassworks produced glass for watches, mirrors and table services. The factory soon came into financial problems and Jean took over the complete operation, but lacked the skill to manage his glass works successfully.
In 1879, the oldest son of Jean, Auguste (1853-1909) who had string financial insights, came to assist his father. In 1887 the Daum factory overcame it’s financial disposition, and the younger brother of Auguste, the artistically gifted Antonin Daum (1864-1931), joins the glassworks. Auguste Daum becomes commercial and financial director and Antonin Daum leads the artistic production process.
Daum melded together revolutionary techniques included working with colored powders, acids, enamel and with fluorine hydrogen. Together with Emile Gallé, and other prominent artists, they founded the famous “École de Nancy” (School of Nancy).
Early mark from enameled crystal cup and saucer set - c. 1880
Early enameled cameo work c. 1895
Mark from a fabulous cameo and enameled powder box with their famous winter scene with crows c.1895 - 1900
Daum Nancy Cameo salt c. 1900
Daum Cameo Glass c. 1905
Daum Nancy Art Deco Cameo c. 1920's
Daum modern import imitation 21st Century.
Cameo glass made by the Cristallerie de Pantin.
The name DeVez is a pseudonym of the company's art director, De Varreux.
DeVilbiss - Toledo, OH. - c. 1909 - 1969 for perfume atomizers
The company founder, Dr. Allen DeVilbiss, invented the medical atomizer in 1887 for the throat. DeVilbiss's son Tom, took over the business in 1905, and wanted to diversify the company with a new line of perfume atomizers as well as his fathers medical atomizers. After WWI, soldiers came home from France with gifts of perfumers with ornate dispensers and the atomizer craze took off.
In the mid twenties, DeVilbiss sold as many as a million perfumers a year in America alone. They employed hundreds of employees, plus a few hundred part time local ladies who crocheted the bulb nettings.
DeVilbiss did not make the glass for their perfumers, only the hardware, cords, and bulbs for the atomizers. They designed the bottles where Steuben, Cambridge or Fenton glass factories would produce them in the types of glass specified by DeVilbiss. Favorites include the Steuben blue and gold Aurene atomizers that are signed DeVilbiss, and the Cambridge draped ladies. International companies also produced glass bottles for DeVilbiss.
Unfortunately the success didn't last. After fighting a depressed market for many years, the company discontinued manufacturing atomizers. The DeVilbiss company is still alive and well in Somerset, Pennsylvania, only now manufacturing medical equipment, compressors and paint sprayers.
Florentine Art Cameo - Bohemia - c. 1880-1900's
The so called "faux cameo" or "pseudo-cameo" was made by the Bohemians to capitalize on the highly successful English cameo glass of the time. They are typically marked "Florentine Art Cameo," "Cameo Art," "ROCCO ART GLASS" etc. These ware's from a distance resemble English cameo but upon close examination are not very high quality. The cameo part is actually white raised enamel, and many of the blanks were done in similar colors and shapes as Webb and Stevens & Williams. The inexpensive Bohemian copies were so successful, that the market for authentic English cameo glass plummeted, and it was discontinued due to it no longer being profitable.
Initially started as a refinery of mirrors and chandelier parts, they quickly transitioned to enameling glass blanks from nearby Josephinenhütte. Initially Heckert enameled replicas of 17th & 18th century historical glass. In 1889 he started his own glass furnace, and was producing iridescent glass that was decorated with Art Nouveau decors.
Fritz Heckert died in 1890, but the glass works continued to be run by his family. In 1923 Heckert was merged with Josephinenhütte.
Fritz Heckert signatures on enameled glass.
Fritz Heckert cameo glass signature.
World Famous for his innovative work in several areas of the decorative arts, including glass, furniture & ceramics, Emile Galle` (1846-1904) was born and died in the town of Nancy in Eastern France.
In his teens, Galle` traveled widely and even fought in the war between France and Prussia. In London he was fascinated by the enameling techniques seen in the oriental collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum. It was here that he saw the original Portland cameo glass vase, which would have a great influence on his future artistic endeavors.
He first learned the craft of ceramics by helping his father Charles run the family business, Galle`-Reinemer, a successful fine crystal and ceramics store. The ceramics were made in the nearby town of Saint Clement, producing fantasy Faience items during the period between 1864-1876. By this time Charles had retired, and the production of ceramics was transferred to Nancy. In 1885 Galle` had started his own ceramic production using local clays with the installation of a modernized kiln, and a new decorating shop.
Galle’ had a three way deal between Burgun Schverer and Desire Christian who agreed to produced Galle`s first glass designs and sign them with Galle`s name in exchange for a ten year contract. This ten-year contract was not renewed when Galle` established his own glass studio in 1894. Galle` built his own manufacturing plant in Nancy and began creating his own designs from inception through production. Galle` personally created many of the designs, and he was known to actively make alterations and approve the designs of his talented team of designers and craftsmen he employed at the "Cristallerie D'Emile Galle`."
Galle` died in 1904 from leukemia at the young age of 58. His widow continued to make Galle` glass designs in the factory until World War I in 1914. Pieces made from 1904 - 1914 are signed "Galle`" with a star added (note that after 1914 Galle` glass no longer used the star, thus the star only dates the period of 1904-1914). After World War I, Paul Perdrizet, Emile's son-in-law, began producing Galle` glass once again, even adding new designs and primarily making the multi-layer cameo glass in floral and landscape designs. Galle` cameo glass was both wheel cut and acid etched, both techniques which required fine craftsmanship to produce, and in which layers of multi-colored glass is progressively removed to create the designs. Galle` production ceased in 1936.
Galle` mark impressed into the base of a vase.
Star marked signature was used from 1904 - 1914. Galle` glass
produced after 1914 (thru 1936) no longer incorporated the star as part
of the signature.
Handel - Meriden, CT - c. 1876 - 1936
For more info on Harrach, see "The Harrach Project."
Harrach enameled signature on Art Nouveau acid etched and enameled vase.
Harrach signature on acid cut back Art Nouveau cameo glass vase.
Cutters of fine ABP cut glass. Many blanks were produced at the
Steuben Glassworks under direction of Frederick Carder.
In late 1900, the trademark was designed by George Duncan Heisey, and the famous "H within a diamond" was
registered in late 1901. The registration papers note that the mark
had been used since November, 1900. Heisey
insisted that all of their glass be marked. In the late years, less of
the glass was marked than formerly, but today's collectors are
fortunate that so much of it bears the Diamond H.
A note about the Glass Signature Pages: While every effort is made to maintain accurate information, there are bound to be errors from either conflicting, or scarce information. If you have a verifiable correction, please contact me with the update and reference where the correction was sourced from for verification.
As this is a living document, please feel free to contact me if you have a glass mark/signature that's not shown that you would like to contribute to the Glass Signature pages for future updates.
Thank you - Brian